The Importance Of Your Kidneys & Why You Need To Look Out For Them!
Why are our kidneys important? For starters, kidneys literally never take a day off! Ever.
Need proof of how hard your kidneys work? They filter over 50 gallons of blood through 140 miles of kidney tubes every single day!
Each hour, your body’s total blood supply circulates through your kidneys about 12 times. 99% of the blood is reabsorbed and redistributed while only 0.1% is filtered into urine.
Your kidneys are located against your back muscles in the upper abdominal cavity. Each kidney sits opposite each other separated by the spine. The right kidney sites a little lower than the left in order to make room for your liver.
Kidney disease is known as a silent killer due to the progressive onset of symptoms experienced. Kidney function slowly degenerates over a period of months or even years.
The symptoms of failing kidneys are non specific and include very general & hard to identify symptoms like not feeling well & not having an appetite. These vague symptoms are another reason why it’s refereed to as a silent disease.
Your kidneys are actually able to lose 90% of their functioning ability without you realizing it. By this time it’s too late to prevent any further complications. You can lead a normal life with only 20% total kidney function.
Your kidneys are also responsible for maintaining your body’s homeostasis. Homeostasis refers to keeping many areas of your body regulated like your temperature, blood pressure and glucose concentration for example.
Your kidney’s don’t do all of this by themselves, they working in unison with other organs to make sure your body is running properly.
Causes of kidney disease
Diabetes is one of the most common causes of kidney disease. About 35% of adults with diabetes have developed chronic kidney disease.
Hypertension, glomerulonephritis and poor diet and lifestyle (smoking, eating poorly, lack of exercise) are also known causes. People who exhibit some of these causes should get regular blood and urine tests.
Some signs of kidney disease starting to develop are foamy urine or having blood in your urine, puffy eyes, being unnaturally thirsty all the time and general fatigue and weakness.
Having protein in your urine (proteinuria) is also another common symptom. These are just some of the issues that may occur.
The most common ailment related to the kidneys are kidney stones. Kidney stones are a recurring problem however they rarely cause long term damage. These stones are formed from refined carbohydrates and sugars.
An excess of milk or antacid may cause these stones to develop over time. The stones occur when there is a decrease of urine and an excess of these substances. This makes dehydration a major risk factor for developing stones.
About 12% of American men and 5% of American women suffer from kidney stones at least once in their life. Men are more susceptible to stones between the ages of 40 and 70 & women are more vulnerable in their 50s.
In most cases the stones are passed through the urine on their own time. In extreme cases lithotripsy treatment  or surgery may be needed. Treatment for kidney stones includes pain control medicine and sometimes medication to help stimulate the passage of urine.
Keeping your kidneys healthy
Its easy to see the important role your kidneys play on a day to day basis. In return you need to do whatever you can to help keep them functioning at a high level. Here are some tips for keeping your kidneys healthy
- If you have diabetes take control of your blood glucose levels
- Keep your cholesterol in healthy range
- Avoid an excess of salt
- Avoid drinking alcohol regularly
- Be physically activate
- Stop cigarette smoking – take the steps to quit 
- Keep yourself hydrated with water
- Include dark green vegetables in your diet